October 25, 2023

Many individuals often gravitate toward countries offering “easy” Citizenship by Investment (CBI) programmes for several practical reasons. Affordability plays a pivotal role in this choice, as a lower minimum investment threshold widens the eligibility spectrum for prospective participants. Furthermore, the allure of streamlined application procedures, marked by reduced bureaucracy and expedited processing times, lies in their capacity to expedite the acquisition of a second passport. Finally, the attractiveness of such programs is compounded by their lenient prerequisites, which may include the absence of compulsory residency or language proficiency exams. These less stringent requirements afford applicants the flexibility to uphold their existing commitments, be it in the realms of business or personal life.

In summation, the amalgamation of these elements renders CBI programmes of this nature highly appealing to those in search of a convenient and cost-effective route to securing a second passport.

The Basics of Citizenship by Investment

CBI programmes allow individuals to acquire a second passport by making a substantial financial contribution to a host country. These programmes are especially popular among business persons, investors, and individuals who seek to enjoy the benefits of visa-free travel and access to various opportunities worldwide. Here are some key factors to consider when exploring Citizenship by Investment (CBI) programmes:

  • Minimum Investment Requirement: This is the minimum amount of money you must invest in the host country. The investment may take the form of a direct financial contribution, real estate purchase, or other investment options.
  • Processing Time: The time it takes to process your application and grant citizenship.
  • Residency Requirement: Whether the programme requires you to spend a certain amount of time in the host country.


Investment Requirement: $100,000

Processing Time: Within 6 months

Residency Requirement: None

Under Dominica’s Citizenship investment programme, there are no personal visit or physical residency requirements, ensuring a convenient and accessible pathway to obtaining citizenship. The Dominica passport programme has been legally guaranteed since 1993, providing prospective citizens with a secure and established framework. Furthermore, the programme boasts minimal taxation, exempting individuals from wealth, gifts, inheritance, capital gains, and foreign income taxes, thereby offering financial benefits to its citizens. Dominica also recognizes dual citizenship, allowing individuals to hold irrevocable lifetime citizenship in addition to their existing citizenship. The Dominica citizenship acquisition process is designed to be straightforward and efficient, with a reasonably short timeframe of six months, providing a streamlined and expeditious route to acquiring new citizenship.

Related: Dominica vs Dominican Republic: A Comparative Analysis

Saint Lucia

Investment Requirement: $100,000

Processing Time: 3-4 months

Residency Requirement: None

The St. Lucia citizenship by investment programme also comes with no stay requirements. As a citizen of Saint Lucia, you can relish the full range of benefits, including the freedom to live, work, study, and travel in and out of the country without hindrance. Moreover, non-resident citizens are not subject to any taxes. The taxation system is designed for minimal impact, with no taxes imposed on wealth, gifts, inheritances, foreign income, or capital gains. St. Lucia also recognizes dual citizenship within its CBI programme, granting an irrevocable lifetime citizenship. The application process is straightforward, and personal visits are not obligatory for the application to be approved.

Antigua and Barbuda

Investment Requirement: $130,000

Processing Time: 3-4 months

Residency Requirement: None

The Antigua & Barbuda citizenship programme is notably family-friendly, permitting spouses and children below the age of 30 to be eligible for citizenship, while parents over the age of 55 may also apply as dependents, ensuring a comprehensive approach to family inclusion. Antigua & Barbuda offers the advantage of minimal taxation, with no taxes levied on wealth and foreign income, thereby offering financial benefits to its citizens. The recognition of dual citizenship further enhances its appeal, allowing individuals to hold multiple citizenships. Notably, the country has a stable currency, which has been pegged to the US Dollar since 1976, contributing to economic stability and security for its citizens.


Investment Requirement: $150,000

Processing Time: 3-4 months

Residency Requirement: None

Grenada also is relatively easy to obtain a second passport through its CBI programme, which offers a range of attractive features for prospective investors. Once the applicant has acquired a Grenadian passport, they gain the opportunity to apply for the E-2 Investor Visa for the United States, although it’s important to note that this option is conditional upon fulfilling a three-year residency requirement in Grenada.

Grenada’s CBI programme requires no residency requirements for physical presence while the application is being processed, making it accessible to international applicants. In addition to this, Grenada offers the advantage of minimal taxation, particularly with no tax imposed on foreign income, providing an appealing financial benefit. Grenada too recognizes dual nationality, allowing individuals to hold both Grenadian citizenship and that of another country simultaneously, enhancing the global mobility and options available to its citizens.

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Investment Requirement: $250,000

Processing Time: 3-4 months

Residency Requirement: None

The St. Kitts and Nevis Citizenship by Investment (CBI) programme too has a solid legal foundation, as it has been guaranteed by the government in law since 1984, providing assurance and credibility to prospective citizens. It offers a streamlined approach to citizenship acquisition, with no physical residency requirements, making it an accessible option for individuals seeking second citizenship. The programme is also characterised by minimal taxation, exempting citizens from wealth, gifts, inheritance, and foreign income taxes, thus fostering a favourable financial environment. St. Kitts and Nevis recognizes dual citizenship, enabling individuals to hold multiple citizenships. It is known for its fast processing time, with most applicants receiving a passport in just 3-4 months, ensuring an expedient pathway to obtaining new citizenship.

Key Advantages of Caribbean CBI Programmes

Some of the key benefits of getting a second passport from the Caribbean are:

  • Greater Mobility: One of the primary benefits of obtaining citizenship through these programmes is the ability to travel visa-free or with visa-on-arrival to a wide range of countries, making international travel more accessible.
  • Diverse Investment Options: These programmes often provide a variety of investment options, such as real estate, government bonds, or a direct financial contribution, allowing individuals to choose the investment path that suits their preferences and financial capacity.
  • No Residency Requirement: Most Caribbean CBI programmes do not require you to live in the host country, offering flexibility for those who want a second passport without changing their primary residence.
  • Business Opportunities: Many of these countries offer attractive business environments, which can be advantageous for investors looking to expand their business interests.
  • Family Inclusion: These programmes often allow you to include family members, such as your spouse, children, and parents, in your application, providing them with the same citizenship benefits.


Acquiring a second passport through citizenship by investment programme offers a world of opportunities, from hassle-free international travel to expanding your business horizons. The Caribbean nations of Dominica, Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Grenada present some of the easiest and most accessible paths to a second citizenship. Their straightforward requirements, swift processing times, and the absence of residency obligations make them enticing options for those seeking the benefits.

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